HAND: Highly Available Dynamic Deployment Infrastructure for Globus Toolkit 4. Grid computing is becoming more and more attractive for coordinating large-scale heterogeneous resource sharing and problem solving. Of particular interest for effective grid computing is a software provisioning mechanism. We propose a highly available dynamic deployment infrastructure, HAND, based on the Java Web services core of Globus toolkit 4. HAND provides capability, availability, and extensibility for dynamic deployment of Java Web services in dynamic grid environments. We identify the factors that have impact to dynamic deployment in static and dynamic environments. We also present the design, analysis, implementation, and evaluation of two different approaches to dynamic deployment (service level and container level), and examine the performance of alternative data transfer protocol for service implementations. Our results demonstrate that HAND can deliver significantly improved availability and performance relative to other approaches.