DYNAMO (DYNAmic MOdels) was a simulation language and accompanying graphical notation developed within the system dynamics analytical framework. It was originally for industrial dynamics but was soon extended to other applications, including population and resource studies[1][2] and urban planning.[3][4] DYNAMO was initially developed under the direction of Jay Wright Forrester in the late 1950s, by Dr. Phyllis Fox,[5][6] Alexander L. Pugh III, Grace Duren,[7] and others[8] at the M.I.T. Computation Center.[9] The earliest versions were written in assembly language for the IBM 704, then for the IBM 709 and IBM 7090. DYNAMO II was written in AED-0, an extended version of Algol 60.[10][11] Dynamo II/F, in 1971, generated portable FORTRAN code[12] and both Dynamo II/F and Dynamo III improved the system’s portability by being written in FORTRAN.[12][13]. DYNAMO was used for the system dynamics simulations of global resource-depletion reported in the Club of Rome’s Limits to Growth.[1] Originally designed for batch processing on mainframe computers, it was made available on minicomputers in the late 1970s,[14] and became available as ”micro-Dynamo” on personal computers in the early 1980s.[15] The language went through several revisions from DYNAMO II up to DYNAMO IV in 1983,[16] but has since fallen into disuse.

References in zbMATH (referenced in 202 articles )

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  1. Habtemariam, T.; Oryang, D.; Gabreab, F.; Robnett, V.; Trammel, G.: Research in computational epidemiology (1990)
  2. Barlas, Yaman: Multiple tests for validation of system dynamics type of simulation models (1989)
  3. Trost, N.; Bossel, H.: Analysis of a parameter dependent tree growth model with non- differentiable right hand side (1989)
  4. Hearne, J. W.: An approach to resolving the parameter sensitivity problem in system dynamics methodology (1987)
  5. Klir, George J.: The role of reconstructability analysis in social science research (1986)
  6. Gaerdenfors, Peter: Dynamic models as tools for forecasting and planning: A presentation and some methodological aspects (1982)
  7. Kohlas, J.: Ersatzteilbemessung für reparierbare Geräte. Grundlegende Modelle und Verfahren (1981)
  8. Adamo, J. M.: L.P.L. - A fuzzy programming language. II: Semantic aspects (1980)
  9. Patten, B. C.; Auble, G. T.: Systems approach to the concept of niche (1980)
  10. Zwicker, E.: System dynamics in inventory and production planning. An introduction and critical overview (1980)
  11. Cundiff, W. E.: Simulating system dynamics in APL (1979)
  12. Mohapatra, Pratap K. J.: Modal control theory and industrial dynamics - a dual approach to the design of policy decisions in a multistage production-inventory system (1979)
  13. De Jongh, D. C. J.: Structural parameter sensitivity of the ’limits to growth’ world model (1978)
  14. Holmes, Philip: ’Strange’ phenomena in dynamical systems and their physical implications (1977)
  15. Mihram, G. Arthur: Simulation methodology (1976)
  16. Mohapatra, Pratap K. J.: Some generalised results on exponential delays (1976)
  17. Vermeulen, P. J.; de Jongh, D. C. J.: Parameter sensitivity of the ”Limits to Growth” world model (1976)
  18. Dekker, L.; Kerckhoffs, E. H. J.: Automatized programming of nonlinear differential systems in a hybrid computer. Hybrid simulation of a world model (1974)
  19. Nilsen, Ragnar N.; Karplus, Walter J.: Continuous-system simulation languages: a state-of-the-art survey (1974)
  20. Rosenkranz, F.: Deterministic solution and stochastic simulation of a simple production- inventory model (1973)

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