DYNAMO (DYNAmic MOdels) was a simulation language and accompanying graphical notation developed within the system dynamics analytical framework. It was originally for industrial dynamics but was soon extended to other applications, including population and resource studies[1][2] and urban planning.[3][4] DYNAMO was initially developed under the direction of Jay Wright Forrester in the late 1950s, by Dr. Phyllis Fox,[5][6] Alexander L. Pugh III, Grace Duren,[7] and others[8] at the M.I.T. Computation Center.[9] The earliest versions were written in assembly language for the IBM 704, then for the IBM 709 and IBM 7090. DYNAMO II was written in AED-0, an extended version of Algol 60.[10][11] Dynamo II/F, in 1971, generated portable FORTRAN code[12] and both Dynamo II/F and Dynamo III improved the system’s portability by being written in FORTRAN.[12][13]. DYNAMO was used for the system dynamics simulations of global resource-depletion reported in the Club of Rome’s Limits to Growth.[1] Originally designed for batch processing on mainframe computers, it was made available on minicomputers in the late 1970s,[14] and became available as ”micro-Dynamo” on personal computers in the early 1980s.[15] The language went through several revisions from DYNAMO II up to DYNAMO IV in 1983,[16] but has since fallen into disuse.

References in zbMATH (referenced in 207 articles )

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  1. Larsen, Erik R.; Morecroft, John D. W.; Thomsen, Jesper S.: Complex behaviour in a production-distribution model (1999)
  2. Villacampa, Y.; Usó-Domènech, J. L.: Mathematical models of complex structural systems. A linguistic vision (1999)
  3. Brans, J. P.; Macharis, C.; Kunsch, P. L.; Chevalier, A.; Schwaninger, M.: Combining multicriteria decision aid and system dynamics for the control of socio-economic processes. An iterative real-time procedure (1998)
  4. Lane, David C.; Oliva, Rogelio: The greater whole: Towards a synthesis of system dynamics and soft systems methodology (1998)
  5. Shivanagaraju, Chirumamilla; Mahanty, B.; Vizayakumar, K.; Mohapatra, Pratap K. J.: Beta-distributed age in manpower planning models (1998)
  6. Aracil, J.; Ponce, E.; Pizarro, L.: Behavior patterns of logistic models with a delay (1997)
  7. Aracil, J.; Ponce, E.; Pizarro, L.: Behavior patterns of logistical models with a delay. (1997) ioport
  8. Berleant, Daniel; Kuipers, Benjamin J.: Qualitative and quantitative simulation: bridging the gap (1997)
  9. Rickel, Jeff; Porter, Bruce: Automated modeling of complex systems to answer prediction questions (1997)
  10. Schwaninger, Markus: Integrative systems methodology: Heuristic for requisite variety (1997)
  11. Yang, Wei-Tzen; Chu, Li-Chuan; Guo, Nai-Wen: A new approach for manipulating Forrester diagram in system dynamics (1997)
  12. Azzone, G.; Rangone, A.: Measuring manufacturing competence: A fuzzy approach (1996)
  13. Doerr, H. M.: STELLA. Ten years later: a review of the literature (1996) MathEduc
  14. Friedman, Yaakov; Sandler, Uziel: Evolution of systems under fuzzy dynamic laws (1996)
  15. Thiel, D.: Analysis of the behaviour of production systems using continuous simulation (1996)
  16. van Houtum, G. J.; Inderfurth, K.; Zijm, W. H. M.: Materials coordination in stochastic multi-echelon systems (1996)
  17. Kleijnen, Jack P. C.: Verification and validation of simulation models (1995)
  18. Slats, Piet A.; Bhola, Bis; Evers, Joseph J. M.; Dijkhuizen, Gert: Logistic chain modelling (1995)
  19. Balci, Osman: Validation, verification, and testing techniques throughout the life cycle of simulation study. (1994) ioport
  20. Balci, Osman: Validation, verification, and testing techniques throughout the life cycle of a simulation study (1994) ioport

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