In areas where the geological structures are approximately two-dimensional (2D), conventional 2D electrical imaging surveys have been successfully used. The main limitation of such surveys is probably the assumption of a 2D structure. In areas with complex structures, there is no substitute for a fully 3D survey. The arrays supported include the pole-pole, pole-dipole, inline dipole-dipole, equatorial dipole-dipole and Wenner-Schlumberger and non-conventional arrays. The RES3DINVx32/x64 programs use the smoothness-constrained Gauss-Newton least-squares inversion technique to produce a 3D model of the subsurface from the apparent resistivity data alone. Like RES2DINV, it is completely automatic and the user does not even have to supply a starting model. ...

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  1. Adler, Andy; Gaburro, Romina; Lionheart, William: Electrical impedance tomography (2015)