An efficient and accurate framework for calculating lattice thermal conductivity of solids: AFLOW-AAPL Automatic Anharmonic Phonon Library. One of the most accurate approaches for calculating lattice thermal conductivity, κℓ, is solving the Boltzmann transport equation starting from third-order anharmonic force constants. In addition to the underlying approximations of ab-initio parameterization, two main challenges are associated with this path: high computational costs and lack of automation in the frameworks using this methodology, which affect the discovery rate of novel materials with ad-hoc properties. Here, the Automatic Anharmonic Phonon Library (AAPL) is presented. It efficiently computes interatomic force constants by making effective use of crystal symmetry analysis, it solves the Boltzmann transport equation to obtain κℓ, and allows a fully integrated operation with minimum user intervention, a rational addition to the current high-throughput accelerated materials development framework AFLOW. An “experiment vs. theory” study of the approach is shown, comparing accuracy and speed with respect to other available packages, and for materials characterized by strong electron localization and correlation. Combining AAPL with the pseudo-hybrid functional ACBN0 is possible to improve accuracy without increasing computational requirements.
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- Fredrik Eriksson, Erik Fransson, Paul Erhart: The hiphive package for the extraction of high-order force constants by machine learning (2018) arXiv