NPInter v3.0: an upgraded database of noncoding RNA-associated interactions. Despite the fact that a large quantity of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been identified, their functions remain unclear. To enable researchers to have a better understanding of ncRNAs’ functions, we updated the NPInter database to version 3.0, which contains experimentally verified interactions between ncRNAs (excluding tRNAs and rRNAs), especially long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and other biomolecules (proteins, mRNAs, miRNAs and genomic DNAs). In NPInter v3.0, interactions pertaining to ncRNAs are not only manually curated from scientific literature but also curated from high-throughput technologies. In addition, we also curated lncRNA–miRNA interactions from in silico predictions supported by AGO CLIP-seq data. When compared with NPInter v2.0, the interactions are more informative (with additional information on tissues or cell lines, binding sites, conservation, co-expression values and other features) and more organized (with divisions on data sets by data sources, tissues or cell lines, experiments and other criteria). NPInter v3.0 expands the data set to 491,416 interactions in 188 tissues (or cell lines) from 68 kinds of experimental technologies. NPInter v3.0 also improves the user interface and adds new web services, including a local UCSC Genome Browser to visualize binding sites. Additionally, NPInter v3.0 defined a high-confidence set of interactions and predicted the functions of lncRNAs in human and mouse based on the interactions curated in the database. NPInter v3.0 is available at

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  1. Wang, Lei; Yan, Xin; Liu, Meng-Lin; Song, Ke-Jian; Sun, Xiao-Fei; Pan, Wen-Wen: Prediction of RNA-protein interactions by combining deep convolutional neural network with feature selection ensemble method (2019)
  2. von Stechow, Louise (ed.); Delgado, Alberto Santos (ed.): Computational cell biology. Methods and protocols (2018)
  3. Wu, Tao; Wang, Jie; Liu, Changning; Zhang, Yong; Shi, Baochen; Zhu, Xiaopeng; Zhang, Zhihua; Skogerbø, Geir; Chen, Lan; Lu, Hongchao; Zhao, Yi; Chen, Runsheng: Npinter: The noncoding rnas and protein related biomacromolecules interaction database. (2006) ioport