Cohn-Kanade

The Cohn-Kanade AU-Coded Facial Expression Database is for research in automatic facial image analysis and synthesis and for perceptual studies. Cohn-Kanade is available in two versions and a third is in preparation. Version 1 (the original or initial release (Kanade, Cohn, & Tian, 2000)) includes 486 sequences from 97 posers. Each sequence begins with a neutral expression and proceeds to a peak expression. The peak expression for each sequence is fully FACS (Ekman, Friesen, & Hager, 2002; Ekman & Friesen, 1979) coded and given an emotion label. The emotion label refers to what expression was requested rather than what may actually have been performed. For validated emotion labels, please use version 2, CK+, as described below. Version 2, referred to as CK+, includes both posed and non-posed (spontaneous) expressions and additional types of metadata. For posed expressions, the number of sequences is increased from the initial release by 22% and the number of subjects by 27%. As with the initial release, the target expression for each sequence is fully FACS coded. In addition validated emotion labels have been added to the metadata. Thus, sequences may be analyzed for both action units and prototypic emotions. The non-posed expressions are from Ambadar, Cohn, & Reed (2009). Additionally, CK+ provides protocols and baseline results for facial feature tracking and action unit and emotion recognition. Tracking results for shape and appearance are via the approach of Matthews & Baker (2004). For action unit and expression recognition, a linear support vector machine (SVM) classifier with leave-one-out subject cross-validation was used. Both sets of results are included with the metadata. For a full description of CK+, please see P. Lucey et al. (2010). Version 3 is planned for spring 2013. The original data collection of Cohn-Kanade included synchronized frontal and 30-degree from frontal video (fig. 1, below). Version 3 will add the synchronized 30-degree from frontal video. To receive the database for research, non-commercial use, download, sign, and return an Agreement to the Affect Analysis Group. All student or non-faculty agreement forms must be co-signed by a faculty advisor.


References in zbMATH (referenced in 43 articles )

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  1. Kamaruzaman, Fadhlan; Shafie, Amir Akramin; Mustafah, Yasir M.: Coincidence detection using spiking neurons with application to face recognition (2015)
  2. Özöğür-Akyüz, Süreyya; Windeatt, Terry; Smith, Raymond: Pruning of error correcting output codes by optimization of accuracy-diversity trade off (2015)
  3. Poria, Soujanya; Cambria, Erik; Hussain, Amir; Huang, Guang-Bin: Towards an intelligent framework for multimodal affective data analysis (2015)
  4. Fang, Hui; Mac Parthaláin, Neil; Aubrey, Andrew J.; Tam, Gary K.L.; Borgo, Rita; Rosin, Paul L.; Grant, Philip W.; Marshall, David; Chen, Min: Facial expression recognition in dynamic sequences: an integrated approach (2014)
  5. Farajzadeh, Nacer; Pan, Gang; Wu, Zhaohui: Facial expression recognition based on meta probability codes (2014)
  6. Senechal, Thibaud; Bailly, Kevin; Prevost, Lionel: Impact of action unit detection in automatic emotion recognition (2014)
  7. Wan, Shaohua; Aggarwal, J.K.: Spontaneous facial expression recognition: a robust metric learning approach (2014)
  8. Liao, Chia-Te; Chuang, Hui-Ju; Duan, Chih-Hsueh; Lai, Shang-Hong: Learning spatial weighting for facial expression analysis via constrained quadratic programming (2013)
  9. Vretos, N.; Tefas, A.; Pitas, I.: Using robust dispersion estimation in support vector machines (2013)
  10. Yu, Kaimin; Wang, Zhiyong; Zhuo, Li; Wang, Jiajun; Chi, Zheru; Feng, Dagan: Learning realistic facial expressions from web images (2013)
  11. Breuer, Thomas; Macedo, Geovanny R.Giorgana; Hartanto, Ronny; Hochgeschwender, Nico; Holz, Dirk: Johnny: an autonomous service robot for domestic environments (2012)
  12. Gu, Wenfei; Xiang, Cheng; Venkatesh, Y.V.; Huang, Dong; Lin, Hai: Facial expression recognition using radial encoding of local Gabor features and classifier synthesis (2012)
  13. Nguyen, Tan Dat; Ranganath, Surendra: Facial expressions in American sign language: tracking and recognition (2012)
  14. Nikitidis, Symeon; Tefas, Anastasios; Nikolaidis, Nikos; Pitas, Ioannis: Subclass discriminant nonnegative matrix factorization for facial image analysis (2012)
  15. Rogez, Grégory; Rihan, Jonathan; Orrite-Uruñuela, Carlos; Torr, Philip H.S.: Fast human pose detection using randomized hierarchical cascades of rejectors (2012)
  16. Savran, Arman; Sankur, Bülent; Bilge, M.Taha: Comparative evaluation of 3D vs. 2D modality for automatic detection of facial action units (2012)
  17. Tunç, Birkan; Dağlı, Volkan; Gökmen, Muhittin: Class dependent factor analysis and its application to face recognition (2012)
  18. Liu, Shuai; Ruan, Qiuqi: Orthogonal tensor neighborhood preserving embedding for facial expression recognition (2011)
  19. Maronidis, Anastasios; Bolis, Dimitris; Tefas, Anastasios; Pitas, Ioannis: Improving subspace learning for facial expression recognition using person dependent and geometrically enriched training sets (2011)
  20. Pai, Neng-Sheng; Chang, Shih-Ping: An embedded system for real-time facial expression recognition based on the extension theory (2011)

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