Proust/Turbflow

Prediction of sound generated by a rod-airfoil configuration using EASM DES and the generalised Lighthill/FW-H analogy Sound generated by an airfoil in the wake of a rod is predicted numerically by using a Detached-Eddy Simulation (DES) unsteady flow field and a Ffowcs Williams and Hawkings acoustic analogy formulation for the far field computation. Volume sources from the rod wake are found to play a non-negligible role at high frequencies and surface contributions might be flawed if the surfaces cross highly turbulent flow regions even if surrounding volume terms are accounted for. The DES approach is based on a novel cubic explicit algebraic stress turbulence model which is built on a two-equation $k$-$epsilon$ model from Lien and Lechziner. This DES has been recently implemented at the Berlin University of Technology in the compressible Navier-Stokes flow solver ELAN. The aerodynamic results are compared to experimental data obtained at the ECL as well as to previous Large Eddy Simulations results from the Proust/Turbflow code and DES simulations, based on standard turbulence models. The acoustic analogy is applied both with and without volume terms to rigid and permeable control surfaces surrounding the rod-airfoil system. Aeroacoustic results are compared to experimental data from the literature, showing that the inclusion of volume terms improves the aeroacoustic prediction in the broadband high frequency range.