Rightfield: embedding ontology annotation in spreadsheets. RightField is an open source application that provides a mechanism for embedding ontology annotation support for Life Science data in Excel spreadsheets. Individual cells, columns or rows can be restricted to particular ranges of allowed classes or instances from chosen ontologies. The RightField-enabled spreadsheet presents selected ontology terms to the users as a simple drop-down list, enabling scientists to consistently annotate their data. The result is ‘semantic annotation by stealth’, with an annotation process that is less error-prone, more efficient, and more consistent with community standards. Bioinformatics 27, No. 14, 2021-2022 (2011)