PENELOPE performs Monte Carlo simulation of coupled electron-photon transport in arbitrary materials and complex quadric geometries. A mixed procedure is used for the simulation of electron and positron interactions (elastic scattering, inelastic scattering and bremsstrahlung emission), in which ’hard’ events (i.e. those with deflection angle and/or energy loss larger than pre-selected cutoffs) are simulated in a detailed way, while ’soft’ interactions are calculated from multiple scattering approaches. Photon interactions (Rayleigh scattering, Compton scattering, photoelectric effect and electron-positron pair production) and positron annihilation are simulated in a detailed way.
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References in zbMATH (referenced in 7 articles )
Showing results 1 to 7 of 7.
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- Pichard, T.; Alldredge, G. W.; Brull, S.; Dubroca, B.; Frank, M.: The (M_2) model for dose simulation in radiation therapy (2016)
- Magdics, Milan; Szirmay-Kalos, Laszlo; Tóth, Balazs; Csendesi, Ádam; Penzov, Anton: Scatter estimation for PET reconstruction (2011)
- García-Pareja, S.; Vilches, M.; Lallena, A. M.: Ant colony method to control variance reduction techniques in the Monte Carlo simulation of clinical electron linear accelerators of use in cancer therapy (2010)
- Badal, Andreu; Sempau, Josep: A package of Linux scripts for the parallelization of Monte Carlo simulations (2006) ioport