Foundational property-based testing. Integrating property-based testing with a proof assistant creates an interesting opportunity: reusable or tricky testing code can be formally verified using the proof assistant itself. In this work, we introduce a novel methodology for formally verified property-based testing and implement it as a foundational verification framework for QuickChick, a port of QuickCheck to Coq. Our framework enables one to verify that the executable testing code is testing the right Coq property. To make verification tractable, we provide a systematic way for reasoning about the set of outcomes a random data generator can produce with non-zero probability, while abstracting away from the actual probabilities. Our framework is firmly grounded in a fully verified implementation of QuickChick itself, using the same underlying verification methodology. We also apply this methodology to a complex case study on testing an information-flow control abstract machine, demonstrating that our verification methodology is modular and scalable and that it requires minimal changes to existing code.

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