Fast and high-quality tetrahedral mesh generation from neuroanatomical scans. Creating tetrahedral meshes with anatomically accurate surfaces is critically important for a wide range of model-based neuroimaging modalities. However, computationally efficient brain meshing algorithms and software are greatly lacking. Here, we report a fully automated open-source software to rapidly create high-quality tetrahedral meshes from brain segmentations. Built upon various open-source meshing utilities, the proposed meshing workflow allows robust generation of complex head and brain mesh models from multi-label volumes, tissue probability maps, surface meshes and their combinations. The quality of the complex tissue boundaries is preserved through a surface-based approach, allowing fine-grained control over the sizes and quality of the mesh elements through explicit user-defined meshing criteria. The proposed meshing pipeline is highly versatile and compatible with many commonly used brain analysis tools, including SPM, FSL, FreeSurfer, and BrainSuite. With this mesh-generation pipeline, we demonstrate that one can generate 3D full-head meshes that combine scalp, skull, cerebrospinal fluid, gray matter, white matter, and air cavities with a typical processing time of less than 40 seconds. This approach can also incorporate highly detailed cortical and white matter surface meshes derived from FSL and FreeSurfer with tissue segmentation data. Finally, a high-quality brain atlas mesh library for different age groups, ranging from infants to elderlies, was built to demonstrate the robustness of the proposed workflow, as well as to serve as a common platform for simulation-based brain studies. Our open-source meshing software ”brain2mesh” and the human brain atlas mesh library can be downloaded at

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  1. Anh Phong Tran, Qianqian Fang: Fast and high-quality tetrahedral mesh generation from neuroanatomical scans (2017) arXiv