SDTNBI

SDTNBI: an integrated network and chemoinformatics tool for systematic prediction of drug-target interactions and drug repositioning. Computational prediction of drug-target interactions (DTIs) and drug repositioning provides a low-cost and high-efficiency approach for drug discovery and development. The traditional social network-derived methods based on the naïve DTI topology information cannot predict potential targets for new chemical entities or failed drugs in clinical trials. There are currently millions of commercially available molecules with biologically relevant representations in chemical databases. It is urgent to develop novel computational approaches to predict targets for new chemical entities and failed drugs on a large scale. In this study, we developed a useful tool, namely substructure-drug-target network-based inference (SDTNBI), to prioritize potential targets for old drugs, failed drugs and new chemical entities. SDTNBI incorporates network and chemoinformatics to bridge the gap between new chemical entities and known DTI network. High performance was yielded in 10-fold and leave-one-out cross validations using four benchmark data sets, covering G protein-coupled receptors, kinases, ion channels and nuclear receptors. Furthermore, the highest areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve were 0.797 and 0.863 for two external validation sets, respectively. Finally, we identified thousands of new potential DTIs via implementing SDTNBI on a global network. As a proof-of-principle, we showcased the use of SDTNBI to identify novel anticancer indications for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs by inhibiting AKR1C3, CA9 or CA12. In summary, SDTNBI is a powerful network-based approach that predicts potential targets for new chemical entities on a large scale and will provide a new tool for DTI prediction and drug repositioning. The program and predicted DTIs are available on request.

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