ALIAS: a modular tool for finding backdoors for SAT. We present {sc ALIAS}, a modular tool aimed at finding backdoors for hard SAT instances. Here by a backdoor for a specific SAT solver and SAT formula we mean a set of its variables, all possible instantiations of which lead to construction of a family of subformulas with the total solving time less than that for an original formula. For a particular backdoor, the tool uses the Monte-Carlo algorithm to estimate the runtime of a solver when partitioning an original problem via said backdoor. Thus, the problem of finding a backdoor is viewed as a black-box optimization problem. The tool’s modular structure allows to employ state-of-the-art SAT solvers and black-box optimization heuristics. In practice, for a number of hard SAT instances, the tool made it possible to solve them much faster than using state-of-the-art multithreaded SAT-solvers.

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