Lotus 1-2-3

Lotus 1-2-3 is a discontinued spreadsheet program from Lotus Software (later part of IBM). It was the IBM PC’s first killer application, was hugely popular in the 1980s and contributed significantly to the success of the IBM PC.[1] The first spreadsheet, VisiCalc, had helped launch the Apple II as one of the earliest personal computers in business use. With IBM’s entry into the market, VisiCalc was slow to respond, and when they did, they launched what was essentially a straight port of their existing system in spite of the greatly expanded hardware capabilities. Lotus’ solution was marketed as a three-in-one integrated solution, which handled spreadsheet calculations, database functionality, and graphical charts, hence the name ”1-2-3”, though how much database capability was debatable given Lotus’ sparse memory. 1-2-3 quickly overtook VisiCalc, as well as Multiplan and SuperCalc, two VisiCalc competitors. 1-2-3 was the spreadsheet standard throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s, part of an unofficial set of three stand-alone office automation products that included dBase and WordPerfect, to build a complete business platform. With the acceptance of Windows 3.0, the market for desktop software grew even more. None of the major spreadsheet developers had seriously considered the graphical user interface to supplement their DOS offerings, and so they responded slowly to Microsoft’s own graphical-based products, Excel and Word. Lotus was surpassed by Microsoft in the early 1990s and never recovered. IBM purchased Lotus in 1995 and continued to sell Lotus offerings, only officially ending sales in 2013.[2] (wikipedia)


References in zbMATH (referenced in 80 articles , 1 standard article )

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  1. Jiang, Yang; Zhou, Xiaoye; Xu, Qi: Scenario analysis-based decision and coordination in supply chain management with production and transportation scheduling (2019)
  2. Pal, Srimanta: Numerical methods. Principles, analysis and algorithms. (2009)
  3. Dershowitz, Nachum; Kirchner, Claude: SPREADSPACES: Mathematically-intelligent graphical spreadsheets (2008)
  4. Yechiam, Eldad: Why are macros not used? A brief review and an approach for improving training (2006) MathEduc
  5. Campbell-Kelly, Martin: The rise and rise of the spreadsheet (2003)
  6. Steuber, Tanja; Stulle, Konrad: IBM Lotus Notes 6 for Windows (2003) MathEduc
  7. Mokheimer, Esmail M. A.: Spreadsheet numerical simulation for developing laminar free convection between vertical parallel plates (1999)
  8. Kharab, A.: Spreadsheet simulation of the moving boundary of the one-phase Stefan problem (1997)
  9. Kharab, A.: Use of spreadsheet program to solve parabolic partial differential equations using Crank-Nicolson method (1996)
  10. Ashley, David W.: A spreadsheet optimization system for library staff scheduling (1995)
  11. Bloch, S. C.: Spreadsheet analysis for engineers and scientists. Incl. 1 disk (1995)
  12. Davis, Joseph G.; Sundaram, David: PETAPS: A prototype decision support system for consumer product marketing and promotion (1995)
  13. Kharab, Abdelwahab: Use of a spreadsheet program in a two-dimensional heat conduction problem (1995)
  14. Winston, Wayne L.: Introduction to mathematical programming. Applications and algorithms. (1995)
  15. Arlinghaus, Sandra Lach (ed.); Arlinghaus, William C. (ed.); Drake, William D. (ed.); Nystuen, John D. (ed.): Practical handbook of curve fitting (1994)
  16. Faaß, H.: Lotus 1-2-3 for Windows, version 5.0 Beta (1994) MathEduc
  17. Kantaris, N.; Oliver, P. R. M.: A concise user’s guide to Lotus 1-2-3 for Windows (1994) MathEduc
  18. Lyons, Patrick: Applying expert system technology to business. Incl. 1 disk (1994)
  19. Smith, L.: First look at Lotus 1-2-3 release 4 for Windows (1994) MathEduc
  20. Soper, Jean B.; Lee, Martin P.: Computer spreadsheets for numerical analysis (1994)

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