Lotus 1-2-3

Lotus 1-2-3 is a discontinued spreadsheet program from Lotus Software (later part of IBM). It was the IBM PC’s first killer application, was hugely popular in the 1980s and contributed significantly to the success of the IBM PC.[1] The first spreadsheet, VisiCalc, had helped launch the Apple II as one of the earliest personal computers in business use. With IBM’s entry into the market, VisiCalc was slow to respond, and when they did, they launched what was essentially a straight port of their existing system in spite of the greatly expanded hardware capabilities. Lotus’ solution was marketed as a three-in-one integrated solution, which handled spreadsheet calculations, database functionality, and graphical charts, hence the name ”1-2-3”, though how much database capability was debatable given Lotus’ sparse memory. 1-2-3 quickly overtook VisiCalc, as well as Multiplan and SuperCalc, two VisiCalc competitors. 1-2-3 was the spreadsheet standard throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s, part of an unofficial set of three stand-alone office automation products that included dBase and WordPerfect, to build a complete business platform. With the acceptance of Windows 3.0, the market for desktop software grew even more. None of the major spreadsheet developers had seriously considered the graphical user interface to supplement their DOS offerings, and so they responded slowly to Microsoft’s own graphical-based products, Excel and Word. Lotus was surpassed by Microsoft in the early 1990s and never recovered. IBM purchased Lotus in 1995 and continued to sell Lotus offerings, only officially ending sales in 2013.[2] (wikipedia)


References in zbMATH (referenced in 80 articles , 1 standard article )

Showing results 21 to 40 of 80.
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  1. Taylor, G.: Lotus 1-2-3 release 4 for Windows (1994) MathEduc
  2. Taylor, Graham: Lotus 1-2-3 Release 4 for Windows (1994)
  3. Born, Günter: File formats programming handbook. Algorithms, tools and drivers. Incl. 1 disc. (1993)
  4. Hutchinson, S. E.; Sawyer, S. C.; Coulthard, G. J.: Lotus 1-2-3. Version 2.2 (1993) MathEduc
  5. Kantaris, N.: A concise user’s guide to Lotus 1-2-3 Release 2.4 (1993) MathEduc
  6. Kantaris, N.; Oliver, P. R. M.: A concise user’s guide to Lotus 1-2-3 release 3.4 (1993) MathEduc
  7. Taylor, G.: Lotus 1-2-3: Version 2.3 and 2.4 (1993) MathEduc
  8. Tiemeyer, E.: LOTUS 1-2-3 for WINDOWS (1993) MathEduc
  9. Williams, R.; Williams, A. T.: Advanced Lotus 1-2-3 for Windows. Lotus 1-2-3 fuer Windows. (1993) MathEduc
  10. Bueser, S.: Lotus 1-2-3 for Windows. Lotus 1-2-3 fuer Windows. (1992) MathEduc
  11. Huttel, K. P.: Lotus 1-2-3 for Windows. Solutions for practice. Lotus 1-2-3 fuer Windows. Loesungen fuer die Praxis. (1992) MathEduc
  12. Huttel, K. P.: Lotus 1-2-3: administrating, computing, calculating. Lotus 1-2-3: Verwalten, Berechnen, Kalkulieren. (1992) MathEduc
  13. Klesper, U.: Calculation genius: Windows versions of Excel, Quattro Pro, Lotus 1-2-3. Rechenkuenstler: Windowsversionen von Excel, Quattro Pro, Lotus 1-2-3. (1992) MathEduc
  14. Kussmaul, T.: Lotus 1-2-3 for Windows. Lotus 1-2-3 fuer Windows. (1992) MathEduc
  15. Lunsford, E. M.: Lotus 1-2-3 for Windows (1992) MathEduc
  16. Modianos, D. T.; Scott, R. C.: Deduction and test of the parameters of the Lotus 1-2-3 random number generator. Herleitung und Test der Parameter des Lotus 1-2-3 Zufallsgenerators. (1992) MathEduc
  17. Podlech, Rüdiger; Herrmann, Manfred; Warmers, Harald: Data processing - foundations, basic knowledge (1992)
  18. Safdie, R.; Torri-Safdie, D.: Microcomputer applications and concepts. WordPerfect 5.1, Lotus 1-2-3 Release 2.2, and dBASE III PLUS. Mikrocomputer-Anwendungen und Konzepte. WordPerfect 5.1, Lotus 1-2-3 Release 2.2, and dBASE III PLUS. (1992) MathEduc
  19. Barbe, W.: Applications programming with Lotus 1-2-3. Versions 2.xx and 3.0. Anwendungsprogrammierung mit Lotus 1-2-3. Versionen 2.xx und 3.0. (1991) MathEduc
  20. Baumgart, H.: Lotus 1-2-3. Version 3.1. Fundamentals and practical application. Lotus 1-2-3. Version 3.1. Grundlagen und Praxis. (1991) MathEduc