Lotus 1-2-3

Lotus 1-2-3 is a discontinued spreadsheet program from Lotus Software (later part of IBM). It was the IBM PC’s first killer application, was hugely popular in the 1980s and contributed significantly to the success of the IBM PC.[1] The first spreadsheet, VisiCalc, had helped launch the Apple II as one of the earliest personal computers in business use. With IBM’s entry into the market, VisiCalc was slow to respond, and when they did, they launched what was essentially a straight port of their existing system in spite of the greatly expanded hardware capabilities. Lotus’ solution was marketed as a three-in-one integrated solution, which handled spreadsheet calculations, database functionality, and graphical charts, hence the name ”1-2-3”, though how much database capability was debatable given Lotus’ sparse memory. 1-2-3 quickly overtook VisiCalc, as well as Multiplan and SuperCalc, two VisiCalc competitors. 1-2-3 was the spreadsheet standard throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s, part of an unofficial set of three stand-alone office automation products that included dBase and WordPerfect, to build a complete business platform. With the acceptance of Windows 3.0, the market for desktop software grew even more. None of the major spreadsheet developers had seriously considered the graphical user interface to supplement their DOS offerings, and so they responded slowly to Microsoft’s own graphical-based products, Excel and Word. Lotus was surpassed by Microsoft in the early 1990s and never recovered. IBM purchased Lotus in 1995 and continued to sell Lotus offerings, only officially ending sales in 2013.[2] (wikipedia)


References in zbMATH (referenced in 80 articles , 1 standard article )

Showing results 41 to 60 of 80.
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  1. Blick, Edward F.: The 1-2-3 engineering math handbook. Engineering and scientific numerical calculations using microcomputers and Lotus 1-2-3 spreadsheets (1991)
  2. Cobb, S.: Lotus 1-2-3, 2.3. Guide through the program. Lotus 1-2-3, 2.3. Der Wegweiser durch das Programm. (1991) MathEduc
  3. Heide, G.: Lotus 1-2-3. Version 2.2. Practical solutions. Lotus 1-2-3. Version 2.2. Loesungen aus der Praxis. (1991) MathEduc
  4. Jeffries, Clark: Code recognition and set selection with neural networks (1991)
  5. Kantaris, N.; Oliver, P. R. M.: A concise user’s guide to Lotus 1-2-3 release 3.1. Ein kompakter Benutzerfuehrer zu Lotus 1-2-3 Version 3.1. (1991) MathEduc
  6. Rensmann, J.: Graphical servant: testing Lotus 1-2-3W and Wingz. Grafische Rechenkette: Test Lotus 1-2-3W und Wingz. (1991) MathEduc
  7. Steiner, J.: Lotus 1-2-3 for Windows. The compendium. Lotus 1-2-3 fuer Windows. Das Kompendium. Zur Einfuehrung und zum Nachschlagen. (1991) MathEduc
  8. Tai, T.; Freese, P.: Software dictionary Lotus 1-2-3. Softwarelexikon Lotus 1-2-3. Befehle, Begriffe, Tips und Tricks. (1991) MathEduc
  9. Tiemeyer, E.: LOTUS 1-2-3. Version 3.1. LOTUS 1-2-3. Version 3.1. (1991) MathEduc
  10. Tiemeyer, E.: Standard software spreadsheet LOTUS 1-2-3. Version 3.1. A structured introduction. Standardsoftware Tabellenkalkulation LOTUS 1-2-3-. Version 3.1. Eine strukturierte Einfuehrung. (1991) MathEduc
  11. Baumgart, H.: Lotus 1-2-3. The trainer for beginners. Lotus 1-2-3. Der Trainer fuer Einsteiger. (1990) MathEduc
  12. Franz, D.; Mattes, R.: The most important details of standard software under MS-DOS: WORD - LOTUS 1-2-3 - MULTIPLAN - dBASE III+. Das Wichtigste zu Standardprogrammen unter MS-DOS: WORD - LOTUS 1-2-3 - MULTIPLAN - dBASE III+. (1990) MathEduc
  13. Linder, W.: Lotus 1-2-3 version 3.0 macro technique. Lotus 1-2-3 Version 3.0 Makro-Technik. (1990) MathEduc
  14. Litecky, Chuck: Spreadsheet macro programming: A critique with emphasis on lotus 1-2-3. (1990) ioport
  15. May, H.: Lotus 1-2-3. Learning, using, mastering. Lotus 1-2-3. Lernen, Nutzen, Beherrschen. (1990) MathEduc
  16. Scharfenberger, W.: Cool calculators: Lotus 1-2-3 versus Quattro Pro. Kuehle Rechner: Lotus 1-2-3 gegen Quattro Pro. (1990) MathEduc
  17. Steiner, J.: LOTUS 1-2-3. Version 2.2 compendium. The comprehensive reference book including many practical examples. LOTUS 1-2-3. Version 2.2 Kompendium. Das umfassende Nachschlagewerk mit vielen praktischen Beispielen. (1990) MathEduc
  18. Steiner, J.; Valentin, R.: LOTUS 1-2-3 training. For private study and group learning. Programmed instructions in spread sheets LOTUS 1-2-3, version 2.2. LOTUS 1-2-3 Schulung. Fuer Selbststudium und Gruppenunterricht. Programmierte Unterweisung in der Tabellenkalkulation LOTUS 1-2-3, Version 2.2. (1990) MathEduc
  19. Steiner, J.; Valentin, R.: LOTUS 1-2-3 training for private study and group lessons. Programmed instruction on spread-sheets LOTUS 1-2-3, version 3. LOTUS 1-2-3 Schulung fuer Selbststudium und Gruppenunterricht. Programmierte Unterweisung in der Tabellenkalkulation LOTUS 1-2-3, Version 3. (1990) MathEduc
  20. Steiner, J.; Valentin, R.; Kost, R.; Prim, T.: Lotus 1-2-3/G. The new standard for graphical spread-sheets under OS/2 and Presentation Manager. Lotus 1-2-3/G. Der neue Standard fuer grafische Tabellen-Kalkulation unter OS/2 und Presentation Manager. (1990) MathEduc