Lotus 1-2-3

Lotus 1-2-3 is a discontinued spreadsheet program from Lotus Software (later part of IBM). It was the IBM PC’s first killer application, was hugely popular in the 1980s and contributed significantly to the success of the IBM PC.[1] The first spreadsheet, VisiCalc, had helped launch the Apple II as one of the earliest personal computers in business use. With IBM’s entry into the market, VisiCalc was slow to respond, and when they did, they launched what was essentially a straight port of their existing system in spite of the greatly expanded hardware capabilities. Lotus’ solution was marketed as a three-in-one integrated solution, which handled spreadsheet calculations, database functionality, and graphical charts, hence the name ”1-2-3”, though how much database capability was debatable given Lotus’ sparse memory. 1-2-3 quickly overtook VisiCalc, as well as Multiplan and SuperCalc, two VisiCalc competitors. 1-2-3 was the spreadsheet standard throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s, part of an unofficial set of three stand-alone office automation products that included dBase and WordPerfect, to build a complete business platform. With the acceptance of Windows 3.0, the market for desktop software grew even more. None of the major spreadsheet developers had seriously considered the graphical user interface to supplement their DOS offerings, and so they responded slowly to Microsoft’s own graphical-based products, Excel and Word. Lotus was surpassed by Microsoft in the early 1990s and never recovered. IBM purchased Lotus in 1995 and continued to sell Lotus offerings, only officially ending sales in 2013.[2] (wikipedia)


References in zbMATH (referenced in 80 articles , 1 standard article )

Showing results 61 to 80 of 80.
Sorted by year (citations)
  1. Tiemeyer, E.: Standardsoftware integrated package LOTUS 1-2-3. A structured introduction. Standardsoftware integriertes Paket LOTUS 1-2-3. Eine strukturierte Einfuehrung. (1990) MathEduc
  2. Gasperini, R.: Using lotus 1-2-3 to determine correlation of linearly related method comparison data. (1989) ioport
  3. Guster, Dennis; Batt, Richard: Cognitive and Affective Variables and Their Relationships to Performance in a Lotus 1-2-3 Class. Kognitive und affektive Variablen und ihre Beziehung zum Unterrichtserfolg bei Lotus 1-2-3. (1989) MathEduc
  4. Heck, B.: Lotus 1-2-3 compact and complete. Lotus 1-2-3 kompakt und komplett. Versionen 2.2 und 3.0. (1989) MathEduc
  5. Kantaris, N.: A concise introduction to Lotus 1-2-3. Einfuehrung in Lotus 1-2-3, kurz und exakt. (1989) MathEduc
  6. Kreisch, M.: Lotus 1-2-3, Quattro, Star-Planer. Lotus 1-2-3, Quattro, Star-Planer. (1989) MathEduc
  7. Parlar, Mahmut: Solving dynamic optimization problems on a personal computer using an electronic spreadsheet (1989)
  8. Anon.: Financial analysis with LOTUS 1-2-3. Finanzanalyse mit LOTUS 1-2-3. (1988) MathEduc
  9. Biegert, E.; Dripke, A.; Schaetzel, A.: Lotus 1-2-3 ready to hand - macro programming. Lotus 1-2-3 griffbereit - Makroprogrammierung. (1988) MathEduc
  10. Godin, Victor B.; Rao, Ashok: Using Lotus 1-2-3 for ”Non-Stop” Graphic Simulation. ’Non-Stop’- graphische Simulation mit LOTUS 1-2-3. (1988) MathEduc
  11. Metzelaar, L. C.; Fox, M. B.: Hands-On: MS DOS, WordPerfect, dBASE III PLUS, Lotus 1-2-3. MS DOS, WordPerfect, dBASE III PLUS, Lotus 1-2-3 am Computer lernen. (1988) MathEduc
  12. Michna, H. G.: Lotus 1-2-3 version 2 dictionary. From A to Z: the overall reference book for every Lotus user. Lotus 1-2-3 Version 2 Lexikon. Von A bis Z: Das umfassende Nachschlagewerk fuer jeden Lotus-Anwender. (1988) MathEduc
  13. Buergler, H. P.; Hering, E.: Lotus 1-2-3 step by step. Lotus 1-2-3 Schritt fuer Schritt. (1987) MathEduc
  14. Letters, F.: Programming and application of LOTUS 1-2-3. Programmierung und Anwendung von LOTUS 1-2-3. (1987) MathEduc
  15. Rennert, K.; Wasem, J.: LOTUS 1-2-3: Standardsoftware for daily administration. LOTUS 1-2-3: Standardsoftware fuer die taegliche Verwaltungsarbeit. (1987) MathEduc
  16. Steiner, J.: Lotus 1-2-3. Version 2. Compendium. The comprehensive reference book including many examples. Lotus 1-2-3. Version 2. Kompendium. Das umfassende Nachschlagewerk mit vielen praktischen Beispielen. (1987) MathEduc
  17. Dunnewin, Larry: Diary of a Conversion--Lotus 1-2-3 to Symphony 1.1. Tagebuch einer Konversion LOTUS 1-2-3 zu Symphony 1.1. (1986) MathEduc
  18. Persson, Olle: Graphing Online Searches with Lotus 1-2-3. Schaubilder von Online-Suchen mit LOTUS 1-2-3. (1986) MathEduc
  19. Dodt, L.: LOTUS 123 in use. Vol. 1. Calculation and graphics; with applications for the use in practice. LOTUS 123 im Einsatz. Bd. 1. Kalkulation und Grafik; mit Anwendungen fuer die Praxis. (1984) MathEduc
  20. Hall, A. G.: A Workshop Approach Using Spreadsheets for the Teaching of Statistics and Probability () MathEduc