The irreducibility of some Wronskian Hermite polynomials. We study the irreducibility in (mathbb{Z}[x]) of Wronskian Hermite polynomials labelled by partitions. It is known that these polynomials factor as a power of (x) times a remainder polynomial. We show that the remainder polynomial is irreducible for the partitions ((n,m)) with (mleq 2), and ((n,n)) when (n+1) is a square. Our main tools are two theorems that we prove for all partitions. The first result gives a sharp upper bound for the slope of the edges of the Newton polygon for the remainder polynomial. The second result is a Schur-type congruence for Wronskian Hermite polynomials. We also explain how irreducibility determines the number of real zeros of Wronskian Hermite polynomials, and prove Veselov’s conjecture for partitions of the form ((n,k,k-1,ldots,1)).

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  1. Grosu, Codruţ; Grosu, Corina: The irreducibility of some Wronskian Hermite polynomials (2021)