MachSMT

MachSMT: a machine learning-based algorithm selector for SMT solvers. In this paper, we present MachSMT, an algorithm selection tool for Satisfiability Modulo Theories (SMT) solvers. MachSMT supports the entirety of the SMT-LIB language. It employs machine learning (ML) methods to construct both empirical hardness models (EHMs) and pairwise ranking comparators (PWCs) over state-of-the-art SMT solvers. Given an SMT formula (mathcal{I}) as input, MachSMT leverages these learnt models to output a ranking of solvers based on predicted run time on the formula (mathcal{I} ). We evaluate MachSMT on the solvers, benchmarks, and data obtained from SMT-COMP 2019 and 2020. We observe MachSMT frequently improves on competition winners, winning (54) divisions outright and up to a (198.4)% improvement in PAR-2 score, notably in logics that have broad applications (e.g., BV, LIA, NRA, etc.) in verification, program analysis, and software engineering. The MachSMT tool is designed to be easily tuned and extended to any suitable solver application by users. MachSMT is not a replacement for SMT solvers by any means. Instead, it is a tool that enables users to leverage the collective strength of the diverse set of algorithms implemented as part of these sophisticated solvers.

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  1. Pimpalkhare, Nikhil; Mora, Federico; Polgreen, Elizabeth; Seshia, Sanjit A.: MedleySolver: online SMT algorithm selection (2021)