ELIZA

ELIZA - a computer program for the study of natural language communication between man and machine (1966). ELIZA is a program operating within the MAC time-sharing system at MIT which makes certain kinds of natural language conversation between man and computer possible. Input sentences are analyzed on the basis of decomposition rules which are triggered by key words appearing in the input text. Responses are generated by reassembly rules associated with selected decomposition rules. The fundamental technical problems with which ELIZA is concerned are: (1) the identification of key words, (2) the discovery of minimal context, (3) the choice of appropriate transformations, (4) generation of responses in the absence of key words, and (5) the provision of an editing capability for ELIZA ”scripts”. A discussion of some psychological issues relevant to the ELIZA approach as well as of future developments concludes the paper


References in zbMATH (referenced in 20 articles , 1 standard article )

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  1. Weizenbaum, Joseph: ELIZA -- a computer program for the study of natural language communication between man and machine (1966) (2021)
  2. Basu, Kinjal: Conversational AI : open domain question answering and commonsense reasoning (2019)
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  5. Floridi, Luciano; Taddeo, Mariarosaria; Turilli, Matteo: Turing’s imitation game: still an impossible challenge for all machines and some judges--an evaluation of the 2008 loebner contest (2009) ioport
  6. Pollini, Alessandro: A theoretical perspective on social agency (2009) ioport
  7. Goh, Ong Sing; Fung, Chun Che; Wong, Kok Wai: Query based intelligent web interaction with real world knowledge (2008)
  8. Gill, Satinder P.: Entrainment and musicality in the human system interface (2007) ioport
  9. Sharkey, Norman Noel; Sharkey, Amanda: Artificial intelligence and natural magic (2007) ioport
  10. Minock, Michael: Modular generation of relational query paraphrases (2006) ioport
  11. Rapaport, William J.: How Helen Keller used syntactic semantics to escape from a chinese room (2006) ioport
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  13. Stapleton, Larry; Smith, David; Murphy, Fiona: Systems engineering methodologies, tacit knowledge and communities of practice (2005) ioport
  14. Cowley, Stephen; MacDorman, Karl: Simulating conversations: The communion game. (1995) ioport
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  19. Parkison, Roger C.; Colby, Kenneth Mark; Faught, William S.: Conversational language comprehension using integrated pattern-matching and parsing (1977)
  20. Mishelevich, David J.: Computer-based semantic analyzers (1972)