PDDL

Planning Domain Definition Language (PDDL). PDDL2.1: An extension to PDDL for expressing temporal planning domains. In recent years research in the planning community has moved increasingly toward s application of planners to realistic problems involving both time and many typ es of resources. For example, interest in planning demonstrated by the space res earch community has inspired work in observation scheduling, planetary rover exploration and spacecraft control domains. Other temporal and resource-intensive domains including logistics planning, plant control and manufacturing have also helped to focus the community on the modelling and reasoning issues that must be confronted to make planning technology meet the challenges of application. The International Planning Competitions have acted as an important motivating force behind the progress that has been made in planning since 1998. The third com petition (held in 2002) set the planning community the challenge of handling time and numeric resources. This necessitated the development of a modelling language capable of expressing temporal and numeric properties of planning domains. In this paper we describe the language, PDDL2.1, that was used in the competition. We describe the syntax of the language, its formal semantics and the validation of concurrent plans. We observe that PDDL2.1 has considerable modelling power -- exceeding the capabilities of current planning technology -- and presents a number of important challenges to the research community.


References in zbMATH (referenced in 94 articles , 1 standard article )

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  1. Hoffmann, J.; Weber, I.; Kraft, F. M.: SAP speaks PDDL: exploiting a software-engineering model for planning in business process management (2012)
  2. Lierler, Yuliya; Schüller, Peter: Parsing combinatory categorial grammar via planning in answer set programming (2012)
  3. Nguyen, Tuan Anh; Do, Minh; Gerevini, Alfonso Emilio; Serina, Ivan; Srivastava, Biplav; Kambhampati, Subbarao: Generating diverse plans to handle unknown and partially known user preferences (2012) ioport
  4. Rankooh, Masood Feyzbakhsh; Mahjoob, Ali; Ghassem-Sani, Gholamreza: Using satisfiability for non-optimal temporal planning (2012)
  5. Tichy, Matthias; Klöpper, Benjamin: Planning self-adaption with graph transformations (2012) ioport
  6. Bienvenu, Meghyn; Fritz, Christian; Mcilraith, Sheila A.: Specifying and computing preferred plans (2011)
  7. Fern, Alan; Khardon, Roni; Tadepalli, Prasad: The first learning track of the international planning competition (2011) ioport
  8. Fox, Maria; Long, Derek: PDDL2.1: an extension to PDDL for expressing temporal planning domains (2011) ioport
  9. Gebser, Martin; Kaminski, Roland; Knecht, Murat; Schaub, Torsten: plasp: a prototype for PDDL-based planning in ASP (2011) ioport
  10. Gerevini, Alfonso E.; Saetti, Alessandro; Serina, Ivan: Planning in domains with derived predicates through rule-action graphs and local search (2011)
  11. Koller, Alexander; Petrick, Ronald P. A.: Experiences with planning for natural language generation (2011)
  12. Thielscher, Michael: A unifying action calculus (2011)
  13. Tu, Phan Huy; Son, Tran Cao; Gelfond, Michael; Morales, A. Ricardo: Approximation of action theories and its application to conformant planning (2011)
  14. Castillo, Luis; Morales, Lluvia; González-Ferrer, Arturo; Fdez-Olivares, Juan; Borrajo, Daniel; Onaindía, Eva: Automatic generation of temporal planning domains for e-learning problems (2010) ioport
  15. Galuszka, Adam; Swierniak, Andrzej: Planning in multi-agent environment using strips representation and non-cooperative equilibrium strategy (2010)
  16. Sridharan, Mohan; Wyatt, Jeremy; Dearden, Richard: Planning to see: a hierarchical approach to planning visual actions on a robot using POMDPs (2010) ioport
  17. Zhuo, Hankz Hankui; Yang, Qiang; Hu, Derek Hao; Li, Lei: Learning complex action models with quantifiers and logical implications (2010) ioport
  18. Baier, Jorge A.; Bacchus, Fahiem; McIlraith, Sheila A.: A heuristic search approach to planning with temporally extended preferences (2009)
  19. Brenner, Michael; Nebel, Bernhard: Continual planning and acting in dynamic multiagent environments (2009) ioport
  20. Bryl, Volha; Giorgini, Paolo; Mylopoulos, John: Designing socio-technical systems: From stakeholder goals to social networks (2009) ioport