Fast Lagrangian Analysis of Continua (FLAC). FLAC is a two-dimensional explicit finite difference program for engineering mechanics computation. This program simulates the behavior of structures built of soil, rock or other materials that may undergo plastic flow when their yield limits are reached. Materials are represented by elements, or zones, which form a grid that is adjusted by the user to fit the shape of the object to be modeled. Each element behaves according to a prescribed linear or nonlinear stress/strain law in response to the applied forces or boundary restraints. The material can yield and flow, and the grid can deform (in large-strain mode) and move with the material that is represented. The explicit, Lagrangian calculation scheme and the mixed-discretization zoning technique used in FLAC ensure that plastic collapse and flow are modeled very accurately. Because no matrices are formed, large two-dimensional calculations can be made without excessive memory requirements. The drawbacks of the explicit formulation (i.e., small timestep limitation and the question of required damping) are overcome to some extent by automatic inertia scaling and automatic damping that do not influence the mode of failure. Though FLAC was originally developed for geotechnical and mining engineers, the program offers a wide range of capabilities to solve complex problems in mechanics. Several built-in constitutive models that permit the simulation of highly nonlinear, irreversible response representative of geologic, or similar, materials are available. FLAC also contains the powerful built-in programming language FISH (short for FLACish). With FISH, you can write your own functions to extend FLAC’s usefulness, and even implement your own constitutive models if so desired. FISH offers a unique capability to FLAC users who wish to tailor analyses to suit specific needs.

References in zbMATH (referenced in 18 articles )

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  1. Rodriguez, J. M.; Carbonell, J. M.; Cante, J. C.; Oliver, J.: The particle finite element method (PFEM) in thermo-mechanical problems (2016)
  2. Li, Mingguang; Yu, Haitao; Wang, Jianhua; Xia, Xiaohe; Chen, Jinjian: A multiscale coupling approach between discrete element method and finite difference method for dynamic analysis (2015)
  3. Ma, Zongyuan; Liao, Hongjian: Study of a twin shear unified elastoplastic finite difference method (2012)
  4. Konokman, H. Emrah; Çoruh, M. Murat; Kayran, Altan: Computational and experimental study of high-speed impact of metallic Taylor cylinders (2011)
  5. Andrianopoulos, Konstantinos I.; Papadimitriou, Achilleas G.; Bouckovalas, George D.: Explicit integration of bounding surface model for the analysis of earthquake soil liquefaction (2010)
  6. de Micheli, P. O.; Mocellin, K.: A new efficient explicit formulation for linear tetrahedral elements non-sensitive to volumetric locking for infinitesimal elasticity and inelasticity (2009)
  7. Gee, M. W.; Dohrmann, C. R.; Key, S. W.; Wall, W. A.: A uniform nodal strain tetrahedron with isochoric stabilization (2009)
  8. Zhao, Chongbin; Hobbs, Bruce E.; Ord, Alison: Fundamentals of computational geoscience. Numerical methods and algorithms (2009)
  9. Ju, Yang; Yang, Yongming; Song, Zhenduo; Xu, Wenjing: A statistical model for porous structure of rocks (2008)
  10. Dong, Jia-Jyun; Tzeng, Jian-Hou; Wu, Po-Kai; Lin, Ming-Lang: Effects of anisotropic permeability on stabilization and pore water pressure distribution of poorly cemented stratified rock slopes (2006)
  11. Baker, R.; Shukha, R.; Leshchinsky, D.: Stability of cohesionless partially submerged slopes (2005)
  12. Wisser, C.; Augarde, C. E.; Burd, H. J.: Numerical modelling of compensation grouting above shallow tunnels (2005)
  13. Chugh, Ashok K.: On the boundary conditions in slope stability analysis (2003)
  14. Exadaktylos, G. E.; Liolios, P. A.; Stavropoulou, M. C.: A semi-analytical elastic stress--displacement solution for notched circular openings in rocks. (2003)
  15. Detournay, Christine (ed.); Hart, Roger (ed.): (FLAC) and numerical modeling in geomechanics. Proceedings of the international (FLAC) symposium held in Minneapolis, MN, USA, September 1--3, 1999 (1999)
  16. Zettler, A. H.; Poisel, R.: The effectivity of rock bolts in tunnelling demonstrated by finite difference models (UDEC, FLAC) (1997)
  17. Bocharov, A. V.; Kistlerov, V. L.: FLAC as a language for realization of algorithms of the geometric theory of differential equations (1989)
  18. Kistlerov, V. L.: The language of algebraic computations FLAC: The model of computations and basic principles of construction (1989)

Further publications can be found at: http://www.itascacg.com/flac/pubs.html